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Govinda-lilamrita I | Commentary by Vrindavana Cakravarti :: Krsnadasa Kaviraja

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Govinda-lilamrita I ·   Commentary by Vrindavana Cakravarti
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This is the first section of the Govinda Lilamrta. The source is Haridas Shastri's edition, which includes Vrindavan Chakravarti's Sad-ananda-vidhayini Tika. Haridas Shastri's edition was published in three volumes--
Chapters 1-4. Nisanta (chapter 1) and Pratah lilas (2-4).
Chapters 5-12. Purvahna (5-7) and part of Madhyahna (8-12).
Chapters 13-23. The rest of Madhyahna (13-18), Aparahna (19), Sayam (20), Pradosa (21), Ratra (22-23).The predominance of madhya-lila accounts makes any division of the work somewhat unbalanced, but it makes more sense to me to do as we did with Bhavanamrita-sara-sangraha and make the division as follows:
Chapters 1-7. Nisanta (chapter 1) and Pratah lilas (2-4).Purvahna (5-7)
Chapters 8-18. Madhyahna .
Chapters 19-23. Aparahna (19), Sayam (20), Pradosa (21), Ratra (22-23).This will mean a volume 2 that is far larger than the other two, but it makes sense anyway.
(Jagat 2006-03-19)

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Source texts
(ed.) Haridas Shastri. Vrindavan: Gadadhar Gaurahari Press, n.d.

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Original written in: Unknown
Entry added: March 19th 2006
Entry updated: July 7th 2007
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Krishnadeva Sarvabhauma · Posted by Jagat on March 20th 2006 - 00:30 +0100
Not much information is available about Krishnadeva Sarvabhauma, so I will give what is available from the Abhidhana (p.1191) here:

Accompanied Baladeva to Galita near Jaipur to establish the seat of the Gaudiya Vaishnava school (1628 Saka). He wrote a commentary on Baladeva's Prameya Ratnavali, Kantimala. In the last verse of this work, he gives his own title as Vedantavagisa rather than Sarvabhauma. He also wrote a commentary on Visvanatha Cakravartin's Krsna-bhavanamrta. (It is there that he states that Visvanatha is a reincarnation of Rupa Gosvamin.) It is likely that he is the author of the tikas on Lalita-madhava and Vidagdha-madhava, rather than Visvanatha, to whom they are sometimes attributed.
It should also be noted that the last verse of Aisvarya-kadambini, attributed to Baladeva and dated 1701 of the Saka era (1779 CE) expresses gratitude to Krishnadeva Sarvabhauma. If the above date for the Galita incident is correct, this might raise questions about the Aisvarya-kadambini authorship. Krishnadeva's samadhi is in the Gokulananda temple in Vrindavan.


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Vrindavan Chakravarti · Posted by Jagat on March 20th 2006 - 00:07 +0100
Little is known about the author of the commentary, Vrindavan Chakravarti. Here is a translation of Haridas Das's article on him in Gaudiya Vaishnava Abhidhana (p. 1375):

A disciple of Krishnadeva Sarvabhauma. He wrote the Sadananda-vidhayini commentary to Govinda-lilamrita, which was completed in 1701 Saka (=1779 CE). This commentary begins with prayers to the Divine Couple, Sri Krishnadeva Sarvabhauma and other gurus, Nityananda Prabhu and Gauranga Mahaprabhu, Rupa, Sanatan and Krishnadas Kaviraj.

The commentary is written in simple language. It is scholarly, but brief. In the eleventh, sixteenth and seventeenth sargas, he has demonstrated a vast knowledge of Sanskrit poetic figures. Similarly, in the twenty-second and twenty-thirds sargas, he has shown his mastery of the various aspects of musical knowledge.